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24 March 2019

Vegetables

Most vegetables are cultivated in households: 98% of all potato, 95% of cucumbers, 93% - red beets, 91% -cabbage, 83% - onions, 87% - carrot and 70% of tomatoes. 74% of the all area under vegetables is accounted for potato, 4% - cabbage, 4% - tomatoes, 3% - cucumbers, onions, carrots and 2% - red beets. Characteristic feature of horticulture is shrinking of acreages, this phenomenon is caused by lack of sufficient storage capacity, low market prices for products and changing demographic situation (declining share of the rural population and consequently reduction of cultivated land).

POTATOE

  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Area harvested, thsd ha 1444,1 1394,1 1342,8 1291,0 1311,6
Yields, t / ha 16,1 16,0 17,6 16,1 16,6
Production, thsd t 23250 22259 23693 20839 21751
The share of households,% 96,7% 97,0% 96,8% 97,8% 97,85%
The share of agricultural enterprises, % 3,3% 3,0% 3,2% 2,2% 2,15%
Import, thsd t 6,3 5,2 16,6 1,8 27,7
Export, thsd t 7,2 16,3 21,8 15,3 5
Fodder, thsd t 7434,4 7377,0 6969,5 6537,6 6 769
Consumption by people, thsd t 6394,0 6161,0 6061,3 5891,5 5 996
Seed, thsd t 5872,7 5660,0 5600,0 5416,4 5 490
Losses, thsd t 2914,4 2773,6 2822,5 2739,3 3 174
Losses, % to production 12,5% 12,5% 11,9% 13,1% 14,6%
* Forecast by UCAB
Source: State Statistics Service of Ukraine 

Production costs for potatoes

Source: State Statistics Service of Ukraine 

The profitability of potatoes production

Source: State Statistics Service of Ukraine 

Price fluctuations for cabbage in Ukraine

Source: Price monitoring by UCAB

From 30 to 35% of potato is used as fodder for livestock, 25-30% is consumed by people, about 25% is used as seeds and about 5-7% sold in the markets, up to 5% - losses.

CABBAGE

  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Area harvested, thsd ha 78,44 78,2 71,2 70,2 68,6
Yields, t / ha 24,51 26,63 26,35 23,89 24,5
Production, thsd t 1922,36 2082,5 1876,58 1677,3 1682,9
The share of households,% 88,2% 91,3% 90,2% 91,7% 90,9%
The share of agricultural enterprises, % 11,8% 8,7% 9,8% 8,3% 9,1%
Import, thsd t 3,9 5,9 11,5 3,2 16,4
Export, thsd t 4,7 10,2 2,8 2,4 2,6
Consumption, thsd t 1153,4 1249,5 1125,9 1006,4 1009,7
Losses, thsd t 173,0 187,4 168,9 151,0 151,5

Source: State Statistics Service of Ukraine

Price fluctuations for cabbage in Ukraine

Source: Price monitoring by UCAB

Cultivation of cabbage amounts to only 3,7% of all cultivated vegetables (potatoes inclusive). The last 5 years there is a tendency to reduction of sowing areas under this vegetable. As for prices, we can trace a seasonality: since the second half of the summer - a decline and until the end of the year - the price is the lowest.

ONION

  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Area harvested, thsd ha 64,07 58,7 58,8 55,9 54,8
Yields, t / ha 17,81 17,37 18,85 17,13 18,4
Production, thsd t 1141,3 1019,9 1108,6 956,52 1014,17
The share of households,% 77,0% 84,6% 80,3% 84,1% 82,9%
The share of agricultural enterprises, % 23,0% 15,4% 19,7% 15,9% 17,1%
Import, thsd t 0,9 1,0 1,1 0,7 1,0
Export, thsd t 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0
Consumption, thsd t 684,8 611,9 665,2 573,9 608,5
Losses, thsd t 102,7 91,8 99,8 86,1 91,3

Source: State Statistics Service of Ukraine

Price fluctuations for onions in Ukraine

Source: Price monitoring by UCAB

In 2016, 3% of the sowing area for vegetables and melons (including potatoes) amounted to onions, but each year the area under this vegetable is reducing.

CARROT

  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Area harvested, thsd ha 48,32 46,77 43,8 42,8 43,1
Yields, t / ha 18,95 19,89 20,33 19,24 20,27
Production, thsd t 915,86 930,12 890,71 822,92 876,62
The share of households,% 85,9% 86,0% 86,9% 87,5% 87,1%
The share of agricultural enterprises, % 14,1% 14,0% 13,1% 12,5% 12,9%
Consumption, thsd t 549,5 558,1 534,4 493,8 526,0
Losses, thsd t 82,4 83,7 80,2 74,1 78,9

Source: State Statistics Service of Ukraine

Price fluctuations for carrots in Ukraine

Source: Price monitoring by UCAB

Sown area of carrots in 2016 accounted for 2,3% of the total area under vegetables and melons (including potatoes). Dynamics of prices for carrot is seasonal: since July the price declines, because of the selling on the markets products from new crop.

RED BEETROOT

  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Area harvested, thsd ha 43,82 42,81 41,0 39,4 39,3
Yields, t / ha 21,08 21,65 21,89 21,16 21,36
Production, thsd t 923,47 926,79 897,06 834,65 841,92
The share of households,% 93% 93,6% 93,7% 93,8% 92,7%
The share of agricultural enterprises, % 7% 6,4% 6,3% 6,2% 7,3%
Consumption, thsd t 554,1 556,1 538,2 500,8 505,2
Losses, thsd t 83,1 83,4 80,7 75,1 75,8

Source: State Statistics Service of Ukraine

Price fluctuations for edible red beetroots in Ukraine

Source: Price monitoring by UCAB

In the structure of vegetables and melons cultivation (including potatoes), the share of red beets is 2%, with annually declining sowing area. Prices for table beet do not vary greatly depending on the season, as the crop can be keept with almost no losses of merchantability and significant losses in volume.

CUCUMBERS

  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Area harvested, thsd ha 56,83 56,98 51,8 50,6 49,6
Yields, t / ha 17,96 18,33 18,15 18,96 19
Production, thsd t 1020,56 1044,29 940,94 958,67 948,76
The share of households,% 92% 93,3% 92,9% 94,2% 95,2%
The share of agricultural enterprises, % 8% 6,7% 7,1% 5,8% 4,8%
Import, thsd t 14,3 15,6 10,8 7,0 9,0
Export, thsd t 14,3 10,7 17,6 5,5 3,2
Consumption, thsd t 612,3 626,6 564,6 575,2 569,3
Losses, thsd t 91,9 94,0 84,7 86,3 85,4

Source: State Statistics Service of Ukraine

Price fluctuations for cucumbers in Ukraine

Source: Price monitoring by UCAB

In 2016 cucumbers amounted to 2,5% of the total area under vegetables and melons. Prices for cucumbers are clearly defined as seasonal. In the period from May to October, the price for cucumbers is lowest since the market sells cucumbers grown in the open ground, which production cost is lower compared to imported and greenhouse cucumbers.

TAMOTOES

  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Area harvested, thsd ha 85,7 84,87 79,3 75,4 74,2
Yields, t / ha 26,53 24,17 27,08 30,15 30
Production, thsd t 2274,12 2051,41 2147,88 2274,41 2230,45
The share of households,% 75,6% 78,0% 72,2% 70,8% 70,3%
The share of agricultural enterprises, % 24,4% 22,0% 27,8% 29,2% 29,7%
Import, thsd t 47,7 50,2 45,5 16,9 36,6
Export, thsd t 92,3 58,0 62,1 23,3 35,5
Consumption, thsd t 1364,5 1230,8 1288,7 1364,6 1338,3
Losses, thsd t 204,7 184,6 193,3 204,7 200,7

Source: State Statistics Service of Ukraine 


Price fluctuations for tomatoes in Ukraine

Source: Price monitoring by UCAB

About 4% of the total area under vegetables and melons accounted for tomatoes. Prices for tomatoes during the year vary from 5,6 UAH per kilogram of tomato from open soil in collection season (July-September) up to 40-50 UAH per kilogram during the winter months, when the market sold tomato from covered ground or imported.

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